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|HST 336 - History of Africa|
Africa as the home of the oldest known human settlements ("Lucy" in East Africa) saw Phoenician, Greek, and Roman colonies in Carthage and along the Barbary coast of North Africa. After 430 AD the Vandals crossed into North Africa and occupied Hippo, the bishopric of St. Augustine. The course then surveys the Byzantine, Muslim, Berber, Ottoman, and European periods of political and colonial control in the north. In Sub-Saharan Africa Dutch settlers arrived in 1650 to the Cape and clashed with the Bantus and Zulus. In the 19th century European exploration of the Congo and Upper Nile river basins took place and the careers of Stanley and David Livingstone are discussed. British-French colonial rivalry throughout the continent culminating in the late 19th century "Scramble for Africa" is closely analyzed. British adventures in Sudan, the death of Gordon at the hands of the Mahdi, and the Fashoda incident between Kitchener and Marchand are treated. French colonization of Algeria starting in 1830 and the exploits of British imperialist Cecil Rhodes are also covered. Belgian Congo, Italian Ethiopia and Libya, and a scattered German presence particullarly in South-West Africa (Namibia) are also a part of the narrative. The 1899-1902 Boer War between the Afrikaans and the British is analyzed as an important turning-point. Other themes include the slave trade in Zanzibar, the Cape to Cairo railway, and African nationalism leading to decolonization and independence after World War II.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
Schedule Types: Lecture, Tutorial