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|HST 335 - Hist. of Central & Sth America|
The course surveys South American and Central or Meso-American history from Pre-Columbian times - including the native Andean civilization of the Incas, the Mayans of Central America, and the Aztecs of Mexico - to the second half of the 20th century. Columbus' third voyage in 1498 marks the start of Spanish involvement in South America and the era of the Conquistadores. Catholic missions (mainly Jesuits, but also Fransiscans, Dominicans, and Augustinians) soon followed. Philip II of Spain set up the Inquisition in South America in 1569. The Portuguese colonized Brazil and Portuguese-Spanish relations are investigated as well as both their relations with the indigenous populations. The Spanish colonies achieved independence between 1810 and 1825, while Brazil became independent of Portugal in 1822-1823. The careers of Simon Bolivar, Cortes, and other prominent figures are assessed. Highlights in the histories of individual countries are studied and issues such as exploration and depletion of the Amazon rainforest, mining, agriculture, oil, and drug cultivation are analyzed from a historical perspective. The rise in the 20th century of both militarism and communist agitation is discussed as are the achievements of Ernesto Che Guevara and Fidel Castro. Church-state relations, whether with right-wing authoritarian regimes or communist ones, are chronicled. The narrative ends with the 1982 Falklands War between Britain and Argentina.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
Schedule Types: Lecture, Tutorial